The Dönmeh: The Middle East’s Most Whispered Secret (Part I)
I just noticed some inspired probably hacker disabled this post. It is back by popular demand.
Wayne MADSEN (USA) | 25.10.2011 | 20:39
There is a historical “eight hundred pound gorilla” lurking in the background of almost every serious military and diplomatic incident involving Israel, Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Greece, Armenia, the Kurds, the Assyrians, and some other players in the Middle East and southeastern Europe. It is a factor that is generally only whispered about at diplomatic receptions, news conferences, and think tank sessions due to the explosiveness and controversial nature of the subject. And it is the secretiveness attached to the subject that has been the reason for so much misunderstanding about the current breakdown in relations between Israel and Turkey, a growing warming of relations between Israel and Saudi Arabia, and increasing enmity between Saudi Arabia and Iran…
Although known to historians and religious experts, the centuries-old political and economic influence of a group known in Turkish as the “Dönmeh” is only beginning to cross the lips of Turks, Arabs, and Israelis who have been reluctant to discuss the presence in Turkey and elsewhere of a sect of Turks descended from a group of Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Spain during the Spanish Inquisition in the 16th and 17th centuries. These Jewish refugees from Spain were welcomed to settle in the Ottoman Empire and over the years they converted to a mystical sect of Islam that eventually mixed Jewish Kabbala and Islamic Sufi semi-mystical beliefs into a sect that eventually championed secularism in post-Ottoman Turkey. It is interesting that “Dönmeh” not only refers to the Jewish “untrustworthy converts” to Islam in Turkey but it is also a derogatory Turkish word for a transvestite, or someone who is claiming to be someone they are not.
The Donmeh sect of Judaism was founded in the 17th century by Rabbi Sabbatai Zevi, a Kabbalist who believed he was the Messiah but was forced to convert to Islam by Sultan Mehmet IV, the Ottoman ruler. Many of the rabbi’s followers, known as Sabbateans, but also “crypto-Jews,” publicly proclaimed their Islamic faith but secretly practiced their hybrid form of Judaism, which was unrecognized by mainstream Jewish rabbinical authorities. Because it was against their beliefs to marry outside their sect, the Dönmeh created a rather secretive sub-societal clan.
The Dönmeh rise to power in Turkey
Many Dönmeh, along with traditional Jews, became powerful political and business leaders in Salonica. It was this core group of Dönmeh, which organized the secret Young Turks, also known as the Committee of Union and Progress, the secularists who deposed Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II in the 1908 revolution, proclaimed the post-Ottoman Republic of Turkey after World War I, and who instituted a campaign that stripped Turkey of much of its Islamic identity after the fall of the Ottomans. Abdulhamid II was vilified by the Young Turks as a tyrant, but his only real crime appears to have been to refuse to meet Zionist leader Theodore Herzl during a visit to Constantinople in 1901 and reject Zionist and Dönmeh offers of money in return for the Zionists to be granted control of Jerusalem.
Like other leaders who have crossed the Zionists, Sultan Adulhamid II appears to have sealed his fate with the Dönmeh with this statement to his Ottoman court: “Advise Dr. Herzl not to take any further steps in his project. I cannot give away even a handful of the soil of this land for it is not my own, it belongs to the entire Islamic nation. The Islamic nation fought jihad for the sake of this land and had watered it with their blood. The Jews may keep their money and millions. If the Islamic Khalifate state is one day destroyed then they will be able to take Palestine without a price! But while I am alive, I would rather push a sword into my body than see the land of Palestine cut and given away from the Islamic state.” After his ouster by Ataturk’s Young Turk Dönmeh in 1908, Abdulhamid II was jailed in the Donmeh citadel of Salonica. He died in Constantinople in 1918, three years after Ibn Saud agreed to a Jewish homeland in Palestine and one year after Lord Balfour deeded Palestine away to the Zionists in his letter to Baron Rothschild.
One of the Young Turk leaders in Salonica was Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey. When Greece achieved sovereignty over Salonica in 1913, many Dönmeh, unsuccessful at being re-classified Jewish, moved to Constantinople, later re-named Istanbul. Others moved to Izmir, Bursa, and Ataturk’s newly-proclaimed capital and future seat of Ergenekon power, Ankara.
Some texts suggest that the Dönmeh numbered no more than 150,000 and were mainly found in the army, government, and business. However, other experts suggest that the Dönmeh may have represented 1.5 million Turks and were even more powerful than believed by many and extended to every facet of Turkish life. One influential Donmeh, Tevfik Rustu Arak, was a close friend and adviser to Ataturk and served as Turkey’s Foreign Minister from 1925 to 1938.
Ataturk, who was reportedly himself a Dönmeh, ordered that Turks abandon their own Muslim-Arabic names. The name of the first Christian emperor of Rome, Constantine, was erased from the largest Turkish city, Constantinople. The city became Istanbul, after the Ataturk government in 1923 objected to the traditional name. There have been many questions about Ataturk’s own name, since “Mustapha Kemal Ataturk” was a pseudonym. Some historians have suggested that Ataturk adopted his name because he was a descendant of none other than Rabbi Zevi, the self-proclaimed Messiah of the Dönmeh! Ataturk also abolished Turkey’s use of the Arabic script and forced the country to adopt the western alphabet.
Modern Turkey: a secret Zionist state controlled by the Dönmeh
Ataturk’s suspected strong Jewish roots, information about which was suppressed for decades by a Turkish government that forbade anything critical of the founder of modern Turkey, began bubbling to the surface, first, mostly outside of Turkey and in publications written by Jewish authors. The 1973 book, The Secret Jews, by Rabbi Joachim Prinz, maintains that Ataturk and his finance minister, Djavid Bey, were both committed Dönmeh and that they were in good company because “too many of the Young Turks in the newly formed revolutionary Cabinet prayed to Allah, but had their real prophet [Sabbatai Zevi, the Messiah of Smyrna].” In The Forward of January 28, 1994, Hillel Halkin wrote in The New York Sun that Ataturk recited the Jewish Shema Yisrael (“Hear O Israel”), saying that it was “my prayer too.” The information is recounted from an autobiography by journalist Itamar Ben-Avi, who claims Ataturk, then a young Turkish army captain, revealed he was Jewish in a Jerusalem hotel bar one rainy night during the winter of 1911. In addition, Ataturk attended the Semsi Effendi grade school in Salonica, run by a Dönmeh named Simon Zevi. Halkin wrote in the New York Sun article about an email he received from a Turkish colleague: “I now know – know (and I haven’t a shred of doubt) – that Ataturk’s father’s family was indeed of Jewish stock.”
It was Ataturk’s and the Young Turks’ support for Zionism, the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, after World War I and during Nazi rule in Europe that endeared Turkey to Israel and vice versa. An article in The Forward of May 8, 2007, revealed that Dönmeh dominated Turkish leadership “from the president down, as well as key diplomats . . . and a great part of Turkey’s military, cultural, academic, economic, and professional elites” kept Turkey out of a World War II alliance with Germany, and deprived Hitler of a Turkish route to the Baku oilfields.” In his book, The Donme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries and Secular Turks, Professor Marc David Baer wrote that many advanced to exalted positions in the Sufi religious orders.
Israel has always been reluctant to describe the Turkish massacre of the Armenians by the Turks in 1915 as “genocide.” It has always been believed that the reason for Israel’s reticence was not to upset Israel’s close military and diplomatic ties with Turkey. However, more evidence is being uncovered that the Armenian genocide was largely the work of the Dönmeh leadership of the Young Turks. Historians like Ahmed Refik, who served as an intelligence officer in the Ottoman army, averred that it was the aim of the Young Turks to destroy the Armenians, who were mostly Christian. The Young Turks, under Ataturk’s direction, also expelled Greek Christians from Turkish cities and attempted to commit a smaller-scale genocide of the Assyrians, who were also mainly Christian.
One Young Turk from Salonica, Mehmet Talat, was the official who carried out the genocide of the Armenians and Assyrians. A Venezuelan mercenary who served in the Ottoman army, Rafael de Nogales Mendez, noted in his annals of the Armenian genocide that Talat was known as the “renegade Hebrew of Salonica.” Talat was assassinated in Germany in 1921 by an Armenian whose entire family was lost in the genocide ordered by the “renegade Hebrew.” It is believed by some historians of the Armenian genocide that the Armenians, known as good businessmen, were targeted by the business-savvy Dönmeh because they were considered to be commercial competitors.
It is not, therefore, the desire to protect the Israeli-Turkish alliance that has caused Israel to eschew any interest in pursuing the reasons behind the Armenian genocide, but Israel’s and the Dönmeh’s knowledge that it was the Dönmeh leadership of the Young Turks that not only murdered hundreds of thousands of Armenians and Assyrians but who also stamped out Turkey’s traditional Muslim customs and ways. Knowledge that it was Dönmeh, in a natural alliance with the Zionists of Europe, who were responsible for the deaths of Armenian and Assyrian Christians, expulsion from Turkey of Greek Orthodox Christians, and the cultural and religious eradication of Turkish Islamic traditions, would issue forth in the region a new reality. Rather than Greek and Turkish Cypriots living on a divided island, Armenians holding a vendetta against the Turks, and Greeks and Turks feuding over territory, all the peoples attacked by the Dönmeh would realize that they had a common foe that was their actual persecutor.
Challenging Dönmeh rule: Turkey’s battle against the Ergenekon
It is the purging of the Kemalist adherents of Ataturk and his secular Dönmeh regime that is behind the investigation of the Ergenekon conspiracy in Turkey. Ergenekon’s description matches up completely with the Dönmeh presence in Turkey’s diplomatic, military, judicial, religious, political, academic, business, and journalist hierarchy. Ergenekon attempted to stop the reforms instituted by successive non-Dönmeh Turkish leaders, including the re-introduction of traditional Turkish Islamic customs and rituals, by planning a series of coups, some successful like that which deposed Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan’s Refah (Welfare) Islamist government in 1996 and some unsuccessful, like OPERATION SLEDGEHEMMER, which was aimed at deposing Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in 2003. Some Islamist-leaning reformists, including Turkish President Turgut Ozal and Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, died under suspicious circumstances. Deposed democratically-elected Prime Minister Adnan Menderes was hanged in 1961, following a military coup.
American politicians and journalists, whose knowledge of the history of countries like Turkey and the preceding Ottoman Empire, is often severely lacking, have painted the friction between Israel’s government and the Turkish government of Prime Minister Erdogan as based on Turkey’s drift to Islamism and the Arab world. Far from it, Erdogan and his Justice and Development Party (AKP) seem to have finally seen a way to break free from the domination and cruelty of the Dönmeh, whether in the form of Kemalist followers of Ataturk or nationalist schemers and plotters in Ergenekon. But with Turkey’s “Independence Day” has come vitriol from the Dönmeh and their natural allies in Israel and the Israel Lobby in the United States and Europe. Turkey as a member of the European Union was fine for Europe as long as the Dönmeh remained in charge and permitted Turkey’s wealth to be looted by central bankers like has occurred in Greece.
When Israel launched its bloody attack on the Turkish Gaza aid vessel, the Mavi Marmara, on May 31, 2010, the reason was not so much the ship’s running of the Israeli blockade of Gaza. The brutality of the Israelis in shooting unarmed Turks and one Turkish-American, some at point blank range, according to a UN report, indicated that Israel was motivated by something else: vengeance and retaliation for the Turkish government’s crackdown on Ergenekon, the purging of the Turkish military and intelligence senior ranks of Dönmeh, and reversing the anti-Muslim religious and cultural policies set down by the Dönmeh’s favorite son, Ataturk, some ninety years before. In effect, the Israeli attack on the Mavi Marmara was in retaliation for Turkey’s jailing of several top Turkish military officers, journalists, and academics, all accused of being part of the Ergenekon plot to overthrow the AKP government in 2003. Hidden in the Ergenekon coup plot is that the Dönmeh and Ergenekon are connected through their history of being Kemalists, ardent secularists, pro-Israeli, and pro-Zionist.
With tempers now flaring between Iran on one side and Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the United States on the other, as the result of a dubious claim by U.S. law enforcement that Iran was planning to carry out the assassination of the Saudi ambassador to the United States on American soil, the long-standing close, but secretive relationship between Israel and Saudi Arabia is coming to the forefront. The Israeli-Saudi connection had flourished during OPERATION DESERT STORM, when both countries were on the receiving end of Saddam Hussein’s Scud missiles.
(to be continued)
Sourced from: Strategic Culture Foundation on-line journal www.strategic-culture.org.
In related news
“MB literature is monochromically Jewish, so when they are forced to think, for masonic-like groups usually don’t, they don’t think differently … they think Jewish”
By Dr. Ashraf Ezzat
Aside from “ Judaism rejects Zionism” cliché, a lot of Islamist fundamentalist groups subscribe to the same logo and add that Islam also rejects Zionism … but when the going gets tough, most of them, as in the MB video we are going to view, adopt the Zionist very mindset and approach.
The video we’re going to discuss has been uploaded to YouTube and then blocked by YouTube, reposted and blocked once again over copyright infringement.
In the video, part of a shooting session is being filmed of some Muslim Brotherhood’s crisis actors, playing the wounded and dead in the vicinity of Raba Adawia Square, the place of their notorious and violent occupy movement, also known in the west as the peaceful MB sit-in at Nasser City, Cairo
I’ve been doing some research so I could independently verify the content of this make-believe video.
Though it only took me a few seconds to identify the location in the video, still I played the footage to many of my friends from Cairo and they all have identified the location (Rabaa intersection) and specifically the street, at the entrance of which MB had built a barricaded gate that led to their sit-in at Nasser City suburb (you can easily notice that fortified gate at the background of the video)
I tried to contact the “Badil” news agency and TV which reported the video of the fake protest’s photo session. I was told El Badil TV covered the MB sit-in and that this video was shot with others in a series of videos reporting the daily activities in the weird sit-in.
The media department head at El Badil TV, Mohamed Anwar, told me over the phone that what the MB actors were doing in front of the cameras was something very weird and when asked about it, MB replied they were filming a theatrical show- MB denounce cinema and theatrical works as illegitimate (Haram) according to their fundamentalist view of Islam.
And since I was talking to a man whose profession is filming commercials and doing video reports, he added that he believed this was a kind of phony propaganda the MB was working on, especially that most of the shots were close ups photos that could, with adding some after effect and Photoshop, yield a more dramatic effect.
In the shooting session of the fake photos, and according to a short script, the actors play phony protesters against the military. The phony protesters of men and women, they even have children on board, act like they were being attacked by police thugs during their noble struggle to reinstate Morsi, the ousted MB President.
The director, at the beginning of the video, shouts “action” … and off everybody goes as prearranged.
MB shooting session of fake protest photos
Some of the phony MB protesters/actors hold signs that read “NO SCAF” … “Morcy is the president for 4 years” … “Morcy is the beloved president” … “we are against coup” … “we’re gonna protest till the return of our legitimate president Morsy”
The noticeable thing about the signs is that none of them is written in Arabic, and I assure you that 90% of those actors can’t read those signs; the MB propaganda campaign was obviously targeting the west.
And moreover if this was some theatrical production, the signs should have been in Arabic, unless those MB talents were going to take their unique show all the way to Broadway.
MB knew that they were backed in the presidency by US and that if Morsi is to be reinstated, it is going to be the US & allies again who will help MB achieve that goal. There must be some catch behind that die-hard support.
The phony Muslim Brotherhood
The MB phony protesters/actors are in full make-up and accurately choreographed with the necessary props; some of them wear masks, to help them go through tear gas, and others hold signs and Egyptian flags and yes … others are holding their favorite tool of extortion (the Koran)
The phony session goes on as some play the wounded; some play like he has been hit by a bullet and another suffocated from the tear gas canisters … someone with a broken neck … and one decent-looking young girl in Hijab standing firm and holding the Koran (the Muslims’ holy book whose teachings prohibits cheating and lying and specially in the name of god)
But the master scene is performed by two ladies wearing black Niqab. One of them is lying on her back on the ground, obviously hit by some firearm from the ruthless police and military side. The dying MB lady in black is held by another lady also in black Niqab whose right palm is genuinely stained with blood-like color.
And the moving touch in that master scene was added by another male MB in white coat, playing the first aid worker, kneeling down beside the dying lady in black and checking her weak pulse. But unfortunately it was too late to save the lady in black … and it was also too late to save the phony Muslim Brotherhood.
The Zionist influence
This phony session, some like to refer to as Pallywood, a terminology coined by Zionists to refute some of the counter-Israeli propaganda though I believe the Zionists are the pioneers in that genre.
And though I hate to use the term, yet I can’t help noticing the mindset similarity with the Zionism’ and its influence on the MB conduct and propaganda.
MB uses the same Zionist technique, the same phony tales and images, the same theme of over victimizing the Jews in their struggle to survive the unbearable persecution. MB even goes so far and so outrageous as to portray their dead being scorched by the Nazis, oops … I mean the Egyptian military.
Some, at this point, will furiously stop and say how dare you anti-Semite to compare MB to the Jews and how dare you discredit the Holocaust. My answer; the veracity of the Holocaust is not the subject of my piece, only the similarity of the Zionist and MB mindset due to a common theological underpinning.
You might not believe this, but we have video proof of it, and some of my medical colleagues have witnessed it during the evacuation of the MB sit-in; MB have ordered their members to bring over some of the bodies of their recently departed relatives to the sit-in days before the evacuation and as the police forces were raiding the Square the bodies in their coffin wrappings were being dragged out of the ice tanks to the center of the sit-in and set alight- so that they wouldn’t be recognized.
Watch video of MB sit-in where they Drag the dead bodies to the frontline, minutes before the Police raid.
Do you see where this is going; the persecution/the alleged coup, the sit in/concentration camps, the cremation ovens/scorched dead bodies … the whole Zionist propaganda, all the way down to the manipulated photos and tales!
Haredi vs MB, could you tell the difference?
Oh, of all the legacies, the MB is predominantly affected by the modern Zionist propaganda. Some will jump to the hasty conclusion that MB must have had been infiltrated by Mossad agents who orchestrated that Zionist–like scheme. I know some of the conspiracy theory addicts would just love it if I carried on with this film noir theme.
But I have to spoil their fun and say, don’t jump to the wrong conclusions. For a bunch of Muslim fundamentalists whose main dogma has deep roots in the Israelites’ tales and practices, the MB performance comes as no surprise to any scholar of comparative religion.
This is not a MB woman in Niqab, it is a Haredi Jew, Beit Shemesh, Tel Aviv
A Haredi group, ultraconservative orthodox Jews, would have acted in the same way and manner, had they been in the MB shoes. MB literature is monochromically Jewish, so when they are forced to think, for masonic-like groups usually don’t, they don’t think differently … they think Jewish.
In the MB group, as the case in any under-ground and closed clandestine group, membership and recruitment is primarily based on blind obedience and herd/mob mentality.
The foreign MSM has been talking about scorched bodies found buried under the rubble in the Rabaa Square. This was a brilliant touch that fooled the western media and actually did the job for MB in the US and Europe … but not for long, for the truth has started to unravel.
The truth behind the Egyptian scene
The truth … but what is the truth? A lot of people want to know the truth. People, especially foreigners, are confused and they can’t make head or tail of this Egyptian maze. In less than two years Egyptians have been taking to the streets; at first toppling Mubarak and then protesting against the military rule and lately unite with the same military to take down Morsi of the MB.
It’s a mess for most of those who are following the news bulletins but never manage to really understand what on earth is going on in Egypt?
Police forces dispersing the MB sit-in
The story is so simple, Mubarak was bad but the MB turned out to be much worse. Mubarak was a dictator but he was playing, albeit corruptibly, by the rules and norms of the civil state.
MB is playing their power grab game not according to civil rules or the internationally accepted codes of politics and democracy, albeit their Morsi won in an allegedly democratic election. But who said that democracy is only ballot boxes, especially in a country with high rates of illiteracy and poverty.
MB plan was to take over Egypt, by any means, ballot boxes or any other way- the MB campaign of the so called first elected president threatened to burn up Egypt, had they not won the presidential elections during which they competed by religiously intimidating the needy and uneducated.
The MB slogan during the Egyptian presidential elections was powerful and self-explanatory; vote for Morsi, vote for Islam.
The MB presidential campaign workers and staff went about it, amongst the uneducated and poor majority, this way; if you voted Morsi, you’d go to heaven, and if you voted for Morsi’s opponent, you will definitely go to hell.
The Egyptian unrest and turmoil is the end result of mixing religion with the affairs of the state, a heavy price Egypt is paying right now. And if you took a wider look over the whole Middle East you’ll realize that this deadly mix is wreaking havoc across the whole region. Short sighted people get lost in the trivial details and fail to grasp this original cause. Allowing the clerics and extremists to stick their noses in politics is the mother of all evils.
European and American policy makers and intelligence are damn well aware of that, but they will do nothing to prevent it though, for encouraging religious extremism and supporting it to rise to power is the magical key to control the strategic and wealthy Middle East and granting more legitimacy to the Jewish state of Israel.
Plus, a Middle East replete with extremism will be the focal point/hub for Jihadists from all over the world, thus purging the west of this foreboding Islamist menace.
MB members and militants, who are now crying over democracy and legitimacy, have undemocratically and coercibly equated Morsi with Islam. Is this democracy in the first place? And how could we unseat a group/president who is allegedly ruling by the divine power of god almighty.
Another election can’t do the job, only a revolution could unseat this half-god president. Only a revolution embraced by Egypt’s national army could save the Egyptians from a religious fascism in the making.
In the peaceful MB sit-in – I wouldn’t be surprised if the west nominated MB for the Nobel peace prize, MB were not discussing politics or contemplating diplomatic means to negotiate with the interim government.
MB heads were inflaming the religious sentiments of their sit-in mob of gullible followers by the most outrageous distortion of Islamic teachings.
The Archangel Gabriel is praying with us in Rabaa mosque, a night vision revealed the prophet Mohamed praying behind president Morsi, another night vision revealed prophet Mohamed sleeping in the lap of one of the MB leaders and on the other thigh, sleeps President Morsi … and yes a prominent fundamentalist cleric issuing a fatwa that hilariously goes ‘ in the eyes of god, the ousting of President Morsi is far more hideous than the demolition of Kabaa (one of the most sacred sites for Muslims) … those are but a few of the hot topic that were being discussed in that peaceful sit-in.
Thus the MB sit-in evenings would usually start with this kind of fairy tales and end up, after being dangerously and religiously inflamed, by their militias raiding vital government and media buildings and indulging their hunger for retaliation and terrorism.
MB won the presidential election by a small margin and by terrorism (religious terrorism)
MB is an extremist group that has decided to take up arms, posing the threat of terrorism and civil war all over Egypt. MB terrorism is one of the most lethal and destructive, because it is a terror, like 911 and regardless of who really pulled it out, committed in the name of god.
Other items of interest
Saudis by Eric Lafforgue
‘In his book, ‘The Dönmeh Jews’, D. Mustafa Turan writes thatWahhab’s grandfather, Tjen Sulayman, was actually Tjen Shulman, a member of the Jewish community of Basra, Iraq.
In his book, ‘The Dönmeh Jews and the Origin of the Saudi Wahhabis’, Rifat Salim Kabar reveals that Shulman eventually settled in what is now Saudi Arabia, where his grandson, Muhammad Wahhab, founded the Wahhabi sect of Islam.
The Iraqi intelligence report states that Shulman had been banished from Damascus, Cairo, and Mecca for his ‘quackery.’